COVID-19 is a disease or virus that is scary lately, even this virus has become an epidemic all over the world. Also, due to this circumstance, all of the travel plans have been either postponed or canceled. Need to know, everyone can catch COVID-19, be it a woman or a man, and be it children or the elderly or young. However, there are a number of people who are vulnerable and are more at risk of death when they are infected with the COVID-19 disease. There are a number of people with certain medical conditions who are especially at risk for COVID-19.
Not all people who are attacked by COVID-19 experience severe symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing, etc., because there are also people with COVID-19 who only experience mild symptoms such as only having the common cold. In fact, it is said that there are also some people who have no symptoms at all even though they have been tested positive for COVID-19.
According to WHO, there are a number of people who are vulnerable and very at risk of COVID-19, those who have had chronic chronic disease and elderly people with poor immunity. Among the forms of the disease are Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (PTM) such as diabetes, hypertension and others.
Reasons for Disease Not Contagious Susceptible to COVID-19
Non-communicable diseases are usually chronic in nature and they last for years and they develop slowly. The slow and gradual process of occurrence can cause the body’s resistance to decrease slowly so that the condition gets worse over time and this is very easily attacked by disease.
So if someone is already with a weakened body condition, it is very easy for him to be attacked by various diseases including CORONA. A person who has chronic disease usually has damaged organs, so with the entry of other viruses such as corona, his body will be damaged even more easily. If he is attacked by covid, the symptoms will be very severe and can be fatal.
Types of non-communicable diseases that increase the risk of COVID-19
There are many types of non-communicable diseases, but not all of them cause fatal symptoms in COVID-19 patients. There are several Non-Communicable diseases that are susceptible to COVID-19, they are:
1. Chronic respiratory problems
The COVID-19 virus generally attacks in breathing, so the symptoms are very visible in those who experience health problems related to respiratory disorders. Among the respiratory diseases that are prone to becoming a COVID-19 attack are COPD, asthma. People with this health condition will experience severe symptoms of COVID-19, usually such as symptoms of pneumonia, asthma or respiratory failure.
2. Cardiovascular disease
This is a disease related to the work of the heart and blood, including hypertension, heart failure, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Such health conditions usually cause the immune system to become weak and susceptible to diseases including CORONA.
The report stated, as stated by doctors, that those infected with COVID-19 were more likely to die than people who were previously healthy or had a healthy body.
Diabetes can also be a disease that can weaken the immune system, especially if the disease is not controlled. This is a chronic disease that has yet to be cured, all you can do is control blood sugar.
It is prone to causing complications and is very fatal with COVID-19. The dangerous complications of the corona virus in diabetics can occur such as diabetic ketoacidosis and sepsis.
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4. Kidney disease
As we all know that CORONA disease mostly attacks the respiratory tract, that does not mean that people with other diseases cannot be dangerous. For example, kidney sufferers, he is one of the high risk of CORONA-19 disease.
The report as quoted from allodokter states that people with CORONA disease also experience acute kidney disease, even though if they are traced they do not have a history of kidney disease.
So, the covid-19 virus disease is at high risk for those who experience kidney disease, those who frequently dialysis and those who have had kidney transplants.
5. Cancer sufferers
People with cancer are said to have a high risk of contracting the Covid-19 virus and it can cause severe symptoms and can even cause serious complications. This is because those who experience cancer have weak immunity to fight infection.
There are also people with medical conditions that have experienced or are experiencing autoimmune diseases, they are at high risk of being infected with corona. This is because people with autoimmune diseases always consume drugs that are useful for suppressing the immune system.
Those are some types of people with a history of medical illnesses or chronic non-communicable diseases who are at high risk of being infected with the Covid-19 virus. Hopefully this information is useful for all of us.