Dua qunoot in Salah is something that is sunnah or recommended to be recited. In the Shafi’e school, the qunoot dua is one of the dua that recited in Salah Fajr (subuh), namely at the last rak’ah of the Subuh prayer or after bowing in the second rak’ah of the Fajr Salah (prayer).
In addition to the dua qunoot in the Fajr prayer, there is also a sunnat (mustahab) for reading the qunoot dua in the Salah witr or the last rakaat of the Salah witr on the nisfu (second half) of the Ramadan.
Also see: The Best Dua After Salah
This Dua Qunoot is as conveyed by the Prophet Muhammad in the hadith.
Reading the dua qunoot is some things sunnah to be recited for those of the Imam Shafi’e school of thought. It is different from other schools which sometimes do not recommend for reading the Qunoot dua in the Fajr prayer.
So, Which is the correct view?
Everything is true, the Islamic scholars have their own arguments in taking the law regarding sunnat reading the Qunoot dua in the Subuh prayer or those who do not give the sunnat law. Each of them has hujjah (proof) and syar’i evidence in this regard.
Now, we are talking about the Qunoot prayer in the Salah Witr and the Salah Fajr. Ok, reading qunoot in the witr prayer (last raka’at) is not something that is obligatory, but it is mustahab (recommended to be read), if someone does not recite it, then his Salah is valid but he does not get the reward of reading qunoot.
Likewise with dua qunoot in the Subuh prayer, according to the Shafi’e school of thought it is a sunnah dua to be read, not something that is obligatory.
Read also: Benefits of Reciting Surah Ikhlas
Reading dua qunoot in the Salah Fajr or Subuh (Shafi’e school of thought) and qunoot in the witr prayer in the month of Ramadan in the last rak’ah is a recommended Dua (sunnat or mustahab) to be read.
What is the Qunoot Dua In Arabic
As Narrated by Al-Hasan ibn Ali (who is the grandson of Muhammad (ﷺ)) he was taught by Rasulullah SAW to recite the qunoot prayer in Arabic as follows:
اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ إِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ وَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ وَلاَ يَعِزُّ مَنْ عَادَيْتَ تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ
Transliteration and English Translation
Inshallah, you will find the transliteration which is very useful in the memorization and reading process. Below is the english translation of dua qunoot.
Transliteration: Allahumma ihdini fii man hadayt, wa a’fini fiman ‘afait, wa tawallani fiiman tawallait, wa baarik Li fiima ‘athait, wa qini sharra ma qadhait, fa Innaka taqdhi wa la yuqdha ‘Alaik, wa innahu la yadhillu man walait, tabarakta Rabbana wa ta’alait.
Translation: “O Allah guide me among those You have guided, pardon me among those You have pardoned, befriend me among those You have befriended, bless me in what You have granted, and save me from the evil that You decreed. Indeed You decree, and none can pass decree, and none can pass decree upon You, indeed he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, blessed are You our Lord and Exalted.”
Imam Hanafi has a different dua qunoot to recite at the Witr prayer. This is the pronunciation.
اَللَّهُمَّ إنا نَسْتَعِينُكَ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَنُؤْمِنُ بِكَ وَنَتَوَكَّلُ عَلَيْكَ وَنُثْنِئْ عَلَيْكَ الخَيْرَ وَنَشْكُرُكَ وَلَا نَكْفُرُكَ وَنَخْلَعُ وَنَتْرُكُ مَنْ ئَّفْجُرُكَ اَللَّهُمَّ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَلَكَ نُصَلِّئ وَنَسْجُدُ وَإِلَيْكَ نَسْعأئ وَنَحْفِدُ وَنَرْجُو رَحْمَتَكَ وَنَخْشآئ عَذَابَكَ إِنَّ عَذَابَكَ بِالكُفَّارِ مُلْحَقٌ
Allahumma inna nasta-‘iinuka wa nastaghfiruka wa nu’minu bika wa natawakkalu ‘alaika wa nusni alaikal khair, wa nasykuruKa wala nakfuruKa wa nakhla’u wa natruku mai yafjuruka, Allah humma iyyaka na’budu wa laka nushalli wa nasjud wa ilaika nas ‘aaa wa nahfizu wa narju rahma taKa wa nakhsyaa ‘azaabaKa inna ‘azaabaKa bil kuffari mulhaq.
Meaning: O Allah! We invoke you for help, and beg for forgiveness, and we believe in you and have trust in you and we praise you, in the best way we can; and we thank you and we are not ungrateful to you, and we forsake and turn away from the one who disobeys you. O Allah! We worship you and prostrate ourselves before you, and we hasten towards you and serve you, and we hope to receive your mercy and we dread your torment. Surely, the disbelievers shall incur your torment.
Also see: The Last 2 Ayat of Surah Baqarah
Which of the Two Should We Recite?
Narrated by Ibn ‘Uqayl al-Hanbali (may Allah have mercy on him) that dua’s from the Prophet (ﷺ) should be what is recited as regular word, and anything added to it is by way of a concession. He said: What is mustahabb or sunnat in our view is the qunoot dua that has narrated by al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): “Allahumma ihdini…” – This is a Masyhur hadith, and this is also in accordance with the prayer recommended in the Shafi’e school of thought.
He said: If someone adds sentences like those in the narration of ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), “Allahumma inna nasta’eenuka… (O Allah, we seek Your help)…”, this can also be done and nothing wrong with this.
Most Ulama say that the recitation of the dua qunoot is after ruku’ (i.e. after saying sami ‘allahu liman hamidah). Then you raise your hands and recite du’a qunoot. After completing the Qunut prayer, the priest will recite the Takbir (Allahu Akbar) to descend in prostration (Sujud). However, there are some scholars who say that qunoot can also be read before performing Ruku’.
Is Qunoot dua found in the Quran?
No, you will not find the qunut prayer in the Quran, this is the shari’ah that comes from the Hadith of the Prophet (ﷺ).
These are Dua Qunoot Sources From Hadith
1. Qunoot in Fajr Salah
Hadith is a proof that Rasulullah SAW recited qunoot in the last raka’at of Fajr prayer after Ruku’.
Narrated by Muhammad bin Sirin: Anas was asked about qunoot, “Did the Prophet (ﷺ) recite Qunut in the Salah Subuh?” Anas answered in the affirmative. He was further asked, “Did he recite Qunoot before bowing (Ruku’) ?” Anas replied, “He recited Qunut after bowing for some time (for one month).” Sahih al-Bukhari 1001
2. Qunoot in Subh Salah and Maghrib
Hadith that shows the dua qunut at Maghrib and Fajr prayers.
Al-Bara bin Azib narrated: “The Prophet (SAW) would perform the Qunoot in the Subh and Maghrib Salah” Sahih (Darussalam) Jami At-Tirmidhi 401
3. Dua Qunoot in Witr during third rakat
It is also recommended to read the Qunut dua at the witr prayer, in the last raka’at after bowing’.
This is a hadith narrated from Ubayy bin Ka’b that: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to pray witr with three rak’ahs. In the first he would recite: “Glorify the Name of Your Lord, the Most High” in the second: “Say: O you disbelievers!”, and in the third: “Say: He is Allah, (the) One”. And he would say the Qunut before bowing, and when he finished he would say: Subhanal-Malikil-Quddus (Glory be to the Sovereign, the Most Holy) three times, elongating the words the last time. Sahih (Darussalam) Sunan an-Nasa’i 1699
4. Qunnot in Witr
As a naqli (hadist) argument for reading the dua qunoot at the witr prayer is a hadith from Abu Dawud.
Abu Dawud said: This version of tradition is not well know. There is doubt that Hafs may have narrated this hadith with a narration other than Mis’ar. Abu Dawud said: “It is reported that Ubayy bin Ka’ab used to recited the supplication (in the witr) in the second half of Ramadan. Sunan Abi Dawud 1427
5. Source for what to be Recited in Qunoot
How to recite the qunoot dua or what to read in the dua qunoot. Narrated Al-Hasan ibn Ali: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) taught me some words that I say during the witr. (The version of Ibn Jawwas has: I say them in the supplication of the witr.) They were: “O Allah, guide me among those Thou hast guided, grant me security among those Thou hast granted security, take me into Thy charge among those those Thou hast taken into Thy charge, bless me in what Thou hast given, guard me from the evil of what Thou hast decreed, for Thou dost decreed, and nothing is decreed for Thee. He whom Thou befriendest is not humbled. Blessed and Exalted art Thou, our Lord.” Sunan Abi Dawud 1425.
6. Qunoot Before or After Ruku
As is well known that the dua qunoot is a dua after bowing and at the last raka’at of Salah. However, in this hadith some are read before bowing and some are read after bowing.
A hadith narrated where Anas bin Malik said: He was asked about Qunoot in the Subh Salah, and he said: “We used to recite Qunut before Ruku’ and afterwards.” Sunan Ibn Majah 1183.
The Bottom Line
The Dua Qunoot is a dua that is recommended to be read in certain prayers. In the Shafi’e school, recommended to recite the qunoot dua at the Subh prayer and at the Witr prayer in the last half of Ramadan. Then, according to a strong opinion, that the reading of qunoot is after bowing in the last rak’at of the Fajr or Witr prayers/Salah.