Fetus Does Not Develop in the Womb – For pregnant women, of course they really want to have a baby in the womb develop properly, but in some conditions, sometimes the mother finds that the fetus cannot grow properly as other normal fetuses should. So, in this article we will review the causes of the fetus not developing properly in the womb.
Fetal growth in the womb that is inhibited or slows down in the medical world is called “intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)”. This is a condition where the fetus develops not in accordance with its proper development. When the specialist measures the baby’s weight, he finds that his weight is not the same as it should be.
Normal baby weight is very important to pay attention to, so that when he is born he has a normal weight. If the baby’s weight is not normal at birth, it is feared that other bad things could happen to his health such as complications.
In fact, a fetus that does not develop properly in the womb can be caused by several factors including diseases suffered by pregnant women or genetics, and several other causes. To be clearer, here we will see what are the causes of the fetus not developing properly in the womb.
Causes of Fetus not Developing in the Womb
1. Mother’s lifestyle and daily habits are not healthy
The lifestyle and daily habits of pregnant women during pregnancy are very important to pay attention to because this can have an effect on the growth and development of the fetus in the womb. In fact, research states that the lifestyle and habits of pregnant women can determine the long term life of their children in the future.
These habits and lifestyles are in the form of ways of choosing food, consuming healthy foods or vice versa. Smoking or drinking alcohol is a bad thing which, if done by pregnant women, can cause unhealthy fetal growth.
Including very important to guard is foods that contain folic acid. Foods high in folic acid are important for fetal development, especially those related to brain and nerve health. Foods high in folic acid are very important to be multiplied by pregnant women during the first trimester. If you are deficient in folic acid, the fetus will not develop properly.
Preeclampsia is an increase in blood pressure that can occur in pregnant women. That is why when pregnant women check or control their pregnancy, doctors always check their blood, the goal is to find out whether pregnant women have the potential to experience blood pressure during pregnancy or what is called preeclampsia.
The health problem of preeclampsia is a problem where the blood vessels become wrinkled and shrink. The shrinking of blood vessels causes the flow to the placenta is not smooth and this causes fetal growth is not optimal.
The developing fetus will also be deprived of oxygen because the blood cannot carry enough oxygen due to the limited blood flow. This condition risks making the fetus not grow normally.
Infections that occur in pregnant women can also cause stunted fetal growth in the womb. Some infections can cause problems in the fetus such as syphilis or sexually transmitted infections, cytomegalovirus infections, toxoplasmosis infections (parasitic infections transmitted through contact with animals). Bacterial and viral infections experienced by pregnant women can cause health problems in the fetus such as not developing properly.
Also see: Nance Fruit (Byrsonima Crassifolia)
In addition, infections like this sometimes cause other health problems in the fetus such as problems with hearing or vision in the fetus and even the potential for miscarriage.
4. The birth of multiple fetuses
Pregnancy with twin fetuses usually makes the fetus not develop properly, this happens in pregnant women usually happens because the placenta of pregnant women cannot handle the problem of twins by not being able to drain nutrients optimally so that the twins cannot develop properly like other healthy babies .
So, it is very important for pregnant women, especially those with twins, to be able to control their health regularly as advised by the doctor.
5. The placenta is not functioning properly
If the placenta is not functioning properly or it is called placental insufficiency, then usually it is certain that the fetus cannot develop properly because the flow of nutrients through the placenta is not optimal. We know that the function of the placenta is to deliver a supply of nutrients and oxygen to the fetus.
Now, when oxygen and nutrients are not optimal, the fetus automatically cannot develop properly and optimally.
6. Lack of amniotic fluid
Amniotic fluid is also very influential on fetal development, as the placenta is also very important. If the amniotic fluid is very little it can also have an effect on fetal growth. This condition is also called oligohydramnios.
The condition of oligohydramnios or the lack of amniotic fluid can occur due to various factors such as problems with the placenta, pregnant women who consume certain drugs and others.
So, immediately check with a doctor if pregnant women feel there are abnormalities or health problems during pregnancy.
Also see: Mongongo Oil Uses and Health Benefits
7. Chromosome problems
Fetal development is also greatly influenced by genetics or chromosomal factors. If the genetics of a family, especially the father or mother, then a fetus can also experience disturbances in its physical development.
Usually, this problem can be indicated at the beginning of pregnancy or when the egg is fruiting and there is no pregnancy. This problem can start from the eggs of either mama or papa that are not good or quality.
These are some of the causes of slow fetal growth. During pregnancy, it is very important for pregnant women to maintain their intake of food and everything related to their lifestyle.