What is a metaphorical figure? The meaning is a style of language in literary works which has a figurative meaning towards an object by seeing the similarity in nature or almost the same as other objects.
Adda also explains that the meaning of metaphorical figure is an expression directly by looking at a comparison or analogue where the sentence used is not interpreted with the real or actual meaning, but describes the comparison of an object with another object because there is compatibility.
Metaphorical figures always exist in literary works, the purpose of using this figure of speech is to emphasize the impression that will be obtained or seen. metaphorical figures of speech are also useful for overcoming the limitations of words in written works and overcoming the limitations of the author’s expression.
See more: Example of Narrative Text
Characteristics of Metaphorical
Metaphor is the use of words in literary works with meanings that are not true. But the use of the word as a description of the conformity between two things or objects. Here we see the characteristics of metaphorical figures.
Using phrases or words that contain figurative meanings to compare one object with another because there are similarities in properties and others.
Comparing an “things” or “object” directly without using comparative words, such as “like”, “such as” or “as”.
The sentences do not use conjunctions or conjunctions
Types of Metaphorical Words
Metaphorical language is divided into two types, namely metaphors in Praesentia and in Absentia. Here we see the understanding.
Also see: Exposition Text: Definition, Structure, Purpose, Characteristics, and Types
1. Metaphor in Praesentia
The understanding of metaphorical figure in Praesentia is a figure made in which the object being compared arrives simultaneously with its pemebanding. So, the meaning of this sentence from figure of speech in praesentia is explicit. To better understand, see the example of a metaphor below.
For example: Siska is a village flower that causes the men in her village to pay a lot of attention to her
So, from the sentence above, namely “village flower” is not the actual meaning but other meanings that have similarities in terms of beauty. So Siska is a beautiful girl in her village. This is the purpose of village flowers.
2. Metaphorical language in Absentia
The meaning of metaphorical language in Absentia is a figure of speech that states something implicitly or not clearly in its target so that sometimes it can be misinterpreted because the sentence that becomes a figure of speech has some similarities in understanding or meaning.
For example: Many young people in Sangkelan village want to marry the “village rose”.
Also see: Function and Position of Indonesian Language
The sentence contains the word “village rose” which can sometimes be interpreted because it can be interpreted in various ways. So, country rose can mean girl, beautiful, or unmarried woman.
Examples of Metaphorical Language Styles
Below we mention some examples of metaphorical language styles with the aim of making it easier for us to understand metaphorical figures easily.
- RogerHox is a land crocodile who never repents.
- The love story of two lovers does not all lead to the aisle.
- Feelings of deep disappointment and sadness always haunted that innocent girl.
- The assassin was always looking for a scapegoat for the crimes he had committed.
- Siska is waiting for the baby to return from the dayah with great emotion.
- Andi is a bookworm, so it’s only natural that he always scores well in his class
- The rich man was very thick-hearted and never cared about the poor around him.
- People with tiger mouths must be hated by many people
- After finding out, it turned out that Siska was a descendant of blue blood from her father’s family.
- Beware of the many tie rats in your district.
- Susilawati became the “lip fruit” of many people due to her bad behavior towards her neighbors.
Such is a brief overview of metaphorical figures, starting from their meaning, characteristics, and examples of metaphorical figures in sentences. Hopefully this article can add to our knowledge.