Physical fitness – fitness is an activity that is integrated with sports and is carried out in a certain place, namely a sports venue, home or in certain other places. Physical semenhata are everything related to the body. From this understanding, we understand that physical exercise or fitness is a form of exercise that can nourish the body. This is one of the importance of physical fitness, the better the quality of a person’s physical fitness, the better his physical strength and endurance.
If you want to know more about physical fitness, read on this article until the end because we will talk about physical fitness, both its understanding, its benefits and the form of fitness training.
Definition of Physical Fitness
Importance of physical fitness has made us give more attention to know about. It is a person’s ability to carry out physical activity without experiencing significant specific fatigue. The term physical fitness is also known as physical exercise. If a person has good body fitness, of course he can and is able to carry out physical activities throughout the day without having to get tired and tired. Next, we will see what physical fitness means according to experts in their fields.
Definition of physical fitness according to experts
1. Rusli Lutan
Physical fitness is a person’s ability to complete physical activities and behaviors requiring three important elements, namely endurance, flexibility and strength.
Muhajir said that the definition of physical excitement is a person’s physical ability to adapt to daily physical tasks without feeling tired, tired and sick.
3. Djoko Pekik Irianto
According to Djoko Pekik Irianto, what is meant by physical fitness is the human ability to carry out activities in daily life and still have his energy left or there is still reserve energy to do additional physical activities.
If we look at the three methods of understanding fitness above, then we can understand that what is meant by physical fitness is a person’s ability to carry out daily activities without feeling tired.
Benefits and Important of Physical Fitness
Physical fitness certainly has certain advantages and benefits. To be clearer about the benefits of fitness, let’s just look at the following.
- Builds good muscle strength and endurance
- Increase the level of flexibility
- Forming a person who is brave, trusting and able to work
- Stimulate body growth especially in children who are doing fitness
- Prevent obesity and overweight
- Have a sense of responsibility in maintaining body fitness
- Can increase happiness and can reduce stress levels
In addition to the benefits mentioned, there are a number of other benefits of physical fitness, here we will see a summary.
1. Avoid dangerous diseases
Good physical fitness is very important in maintaining immunity against types of diseases. There are dangerous diseases that often occur in those who do not have good physical fitness.
This dangerous disease is heart disease and hypertension. This disease is quite dangerous, and very much experienced by those who do not have good fitness.
2. Reduce bad fats
Foods that are rich in bad fats or cholesterol if consumed will cause an increase in cholesterol content in the body. Cholesterol will trigger a number of dangerous diseases such as high blood pressure, etc. However, if you have good fitness, the amount of cholesterol will decrease.
3. Reducing the risk of cancer
Cancer is a dangerous life-threatening disease. Cancer can appear anywhere both in children and adults. If a person has good physical fitness, he can reduce and reduce the risk of cancer.
4. Improve mood and stamina
For those of you who have good fitness and often do physical exercise, make sure you are healthier, have a good mood, and are more relaxed in facing problems. In addition, with frequent physical activity and a body that is in good fitness, the body’s stamina will also increase.
Elements in Physical Fitness
Physical fitness has its elements so that without these elements a person is not considered to have good fitness. To acheive the importance of physical fitness, we have to know clearly about imporatnt elements. About this element, the expert has a difference view regarding the number of elements in fitness, some say five and some say ten or more.
Here we will see what are the elements of this fitness in full.
- Strength (strength)
- Endurance of muscles and lungs
- Muscle defense (muscular power)
- Agility (agility)
- Explosive power (power)
- Flexibility (flexibility)
- Coordination (coordination)
- Balance (balance)
- Reaction (reaction)
- Reaction speed, and
Here we see these elements more clearly, especially in the five elements above:
Strength or strength is one of the elements in physical fitness, it can be said that strength is an important thing in fitness and becomes a person’s quality because through one’s strength it is judged to be able to carry out physical activity. Having sufficient muscle mass with a balanced amount of strength is a key element in physical fitness.
To get good strength in the muscles, we can train this muscle strength by doing several activities such as push-ups, sit-ups, and squad-jams. Sit ups are physical exercises that train strength in the abdomen, squat jumps are a form of physical exercise to train the abdominal muscles and legs and include the lower limbs. While push up exercises are useful for training the strength of the upper body and arms.
2. Muscle and lung endurance
Endurance or defense is directly related to the ability to perform activities and stamina for a long time. This muscle and lung endurance requires complex training and is related to the work of the lungs, heart, circulatory system and muscle strength. To increase the endurance of our muscles and lungs, we do exercises in the form of jogging, running for about 30 minutes which is done regularly every day.
3. Muscle endurance
Muscular power is also included in the elements of physical fitness and this is related to and related to the ability of muscles to support physical activity. To get power on the muscles, we can train with several training models. Among them are Side-jumps, this is useful for increasing muscle power in the thighs and legs. Vertical-jump, this is useful for increasing muscle power in the legs.
There is also an exercise called a front-jump, this is an exercise to increase the explosive power of the calves and legs.
In the element of physical fitness, speed is the ability to do tasks properly and correctly so that more tasks can be completed more quickly. One speed exercise that is often practiced and easy to do is running.
The next important element of fitness is agility, this element is related to the ability to adapt to the environment and conditions during daily activities. Among the exercises that can be done to increase agility are running up and down stairs, running in zigzags. These are two exercises that are generally easy to try and do.
Also see: The Social Benefits of Exercise
Forms of Physical Fitness Exercise
To see if someone is in good fitness or not, we can train him with a few exercises. Look at the following:
- Push ups to train the hand muscles
- Sit ups to increase strength or abdominal muscles
- Back lifts work out the back muscles, and
- Exercises to train arm and shoulder strength.
Ok, we have knew about importance of physical fitness. For those of you who want to increase your fitness, these four exercises must be used and make sure you can do them several times in one exercise.
On the other hand, if you are not able to do it or get tired quickly when doing this exercise, then it is certain that you are not in good shape.