Before we discuss the greenhouse effect and global warming, we should first look at how the greenhouse is. Greenhouse is a building made of glass either on the walls, roof or part of the walls, all of which use glass so that it is called a greenhouse. Usually this greenhouse is used for gardening by those in countries with four seasons. In the greenhouse they will plant plants that really need warm air.
The purpose of the greenhouse, which is usually used by farmers, is to capture the benefits of sunlight and then trap it in the greenhouse so that the temperature inside the greenhouse warms up. In winter, the temperature inside the greenhouse will be warm during the day and so at night, even though in the outside the room is cold due to winter, it is still warm inside the greenhouse so that plants that need warmth can still grow well.
Meanwhile in Indonesia, the sun’s rays continue to shine every day, so to plant plants that require warm temperatures, there is no need to make greenhouses, which is why in Indonesia it is enough to plant plants in open land without the need to make greenhouses to capture sunlight like in a country with four seasons. .
The Greenhouse Effect is often thought of as the cause of the depletion of the ozone layer or global warming so that the heat on earth increases, especially during the summer. Here we see a complete understanding of the greenhouse effect, its causes, effects and impacts and examples of the greenhouse effect.
Definition of the Greenhouse Effect
The greenhouse effect is just a term used to describe the condition of the earth that is warm and hot like in a greenhouse. The sunlight that shines on the earth makes the earth warm and then some of this light is reflected by the earth, but not this reflected heat is trapped in the earth’s atmosphere due to the presence of greenhouse gases so that the earth’s condition continues to be warm and hot, especially in summer.
Normally, the earth that is exposed to the sun will get warmer during the day and at night it will get cold again because there is no sun shining on it. However, when greenhouse gases collect in the atmosphere, the reflected sunlight gets stuck in the gas. The effect, the earth continues to feel hot even though it is part of the night. Of course, those of you studying in junior high school already know what it means by this greenhouse effect.
In simple terms, the greenhouse effect is an increase or increase in the earth’s temperature due to an increase in the composition of the atmosphere called greenhouse gases, causing the earth’s temperature to continue to feel hot because the sun’s heat continues to remain on the earth’s surface as a result of not being able to reflect perfectly out of the atmosphere.
It could also be interpreted that the greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon that occurs because of the reflection of sunlight that has passed through the earth’s atmosphere (being on earth) and is also caused by substances that exist on earth, the severity of this phenomenon can damage and destroy the atmosphere.
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How the Greenhouse Effect Process Happens
The process of the greenhouse effect is due to the reflection of sunlight that has reached the earth, this sunlight is reflected by various objects on earth until it goes out of space and reaches the atmosphere. However, this reflection can damage the ozone layer. The function of the ozone layer is to prevent the heat of sunlight so that when it reaches the earth the sun’s rays are no longer so hot.
However, if the ozone layer is getting thinner, the sunlight will be even hotter on the earth because the ozone layer that is blocking it is no longer functioning properly. When the ozone layer depletes, the earth’s temperature will rise, and when the earth’s temperature rises, the earth turns cold. This condition will get worse with the presence of carbon dioxide on earth. Carbon dioxide on earth will hold the reflection of sunlight through its atmosphere so that the earth’s temperature increases and warms up.
One way to prevent the depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere, the inhabitants of the earth must minimize the use of various objects that can produce CO2 or carbon dioxide. Existing carbon dioxide such as factory fumes, vehicle fumes and others can continuously destroy the ozone layer and make the earth even warmer.
In simple terms, the process of the glass house effect begins with sunlight emitting the earth in the form of ultraviolet light and the earth then reflecting the sun’s rays back to the sky in the form of infrared rays. So, sunlight that enters the earth as heat, part of it will be reflected by the earth into space. If the greenhouse effect gases in the form of carbon dioxide accumulate in the atmosphere, the geothermal heat that is reflected cannot penetrate the atmosphere perfectly so that the earth, sea and atmosphere become hot.
This heat is what is called the greenhouse effect on earth which is now an important discussion, or is known as global warming.
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The Cause of the Greenhouse Effect or Heating
Here are some things that are important to know as the cause of the greenhouse effect, these are greenhouse gases, namely:
- Water vapor
- Carbon dioxide
- CFC and HFC
- Nitrus Oxide
1. Logging and burning forests
Deforestation without new planting is a form of environmental damage. The function of forests is to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen which is essential for the survival of creatures. However, many people are not aware of this, so they cut and burn forests for personal benefits such as farming, and illegal logging.
The burning of forests itself can also cause a greenhouse effect that increases the concentration of greenhouse gases.
2. Use of fossil fuels
Using fossil fuels such as petroleum and coal as driving vehicles is one of the causes of the greenhouse effect. The result of burning fossil fuels will become carbon dioxide and will settle in the air or atmosphere so that the concentration of the earth’s temperature increases.
3. Agricultural industry
The agricultural industry is agriculture in a large enough area that has been calcified as a company or industry. Of course, clearing this vast agricultural land will also use fertilizers on a large scale. The fertilizer used will release nitrous oxide into space, which in turn turns into a greenhouse effect.
4. Mining and industrial waste
Industries such as fertilizer factories, cement factories, petroleum and mining are forms of industry that produce carbon dioxide. Finally, it becomes a greenhouse effect and causes global warming.
5. Marine pollution
The sea can also absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide as a result of industrial waste disposal, sea water pollution, and the result of dumping garbage into the ocean. However, when the oceans are polluted and polluted, at that time the oceans can no longer absorb carbon dioxide properly.
6. Household waste
Furthermore, the cause of the greenhouse effect is household waste which causes river pollution. This household waste that is left continuously will produce methane and carbon dioxide gas which are usually produced by soil-decomposing bacteria.
7. Animal husbandry industry
The livestock industry can also be a cause of the greenhouse effect. An example of a farm that can be a greenhouse effect is cattle farming. Why cow? Because cows can produce carbon dioxide and ethane gas into the atmosphere. Methane and carbon dioxide gas occur from cow dung and from cow farts, this is the result of decomposing bacteria in the cow’s stomach.
Result of the Greenhouse Effect
The greenhouse effect is quite frightening because it can tear down and destroy even this earth. One example is the melting of the mountains on the crater, causing sea levels to rise. The extreme and irregular climate change we are experiencing today is the effect of the greenhouse effect. Here are some of the effects of the greenhouse effect.
1. Extreme climate change
Warmer areas will cause more humidity due to the evaporation of sea water. The amount of sea vapor in the oceans causes insulation in the atmosphere. Apart from forming insulation, this evaporation also causes many clouds to form.
High humidity can cause high rainfall and storm winds and landslides. The storm was getting drier and the water was quickly evaporating into the ground.
2. Increasing sea level
The impact that occurs due to the greenhouse effect is also in the form of rising sea levels. Sea water is increasing due to the melting of mountains and ice packs at the arctic poles. Even per decade, ice packs can be reduced by 2.7% and the global average temperature increases.
3. Increasing global temperature
The warming that occurs in the earth is an example that we feel very strongly about. Along with changes in conditions in various places such as melting ice, rising sea surface temperatures and air temperatures, causing changes in global temperatures.
These changes have been measured by scientists by measuring the atmosphere, oceans, glaciers, ice and show that the earth is currently warming due to the greenhouse effect.
4. Ecological disturbances
Furthermore, the impact of global warming is the occurrence of ecological disturbances. This disturbance causes animals to move and migrate to cold areas such as ice poles and mountainous areas. In addition, plants will also change the direction of their growth, they will look for new areas that are suitable or warmer as their habitat. However, human development hinders the process of moving the star’s life.
When these animals move north or south, they will be impeded by the building of human houses, cities and agricultural lands. This caused their migration to take a long time. Then cause some species that are not able to survive long will experience extinction.
5. Social and political impact
The greenhouse effect also affects people’s social and political life. When weather changes occur, diseases that spread through the air, through water and soil pollution will emerge. Changes in weather that are getting warmer also cause crop failure so that people are neglected and there is malnutrition or malnutrition.
That is an explanation of the understanding of the greenhouse effect, the cause of the greenhouse effect, the impact caused by the greenhouse effect and substances that cause the greenhouse effect on earth.
Substances that Cause the Greenhouse Effect
1. Use of chemical fertilizers
Farmers now generally use chemical fertilizers to get the expected yields. Did you know that the use of chemical fertilizers such as insecticides and fertilizers can also cause the greenhouse effect because the use of chemicals can cause the depletion of the ozone layer. These substances become a blockage for pollution so that they are recognized as one of the substances that can cause a global warming effect.
2. Deforestation and shifting land
Furthermore, substances that can cause the greenhouse effect are carbon dioxide or CO2 which occurs from forest burning and land clearing in a way. Land that is cleared in many places on a mobile basis will be exposed to chemicals from the use of fertilizers.
In developing countries such as Indonesia, forests are often a source of income, so that many destroy forests for profit alone or for groups without paying attention to the environment. However, unlike developed countries, forests are used more as a vehicle for conservation. Forests are the lungs of the world, if the forest is decreasing, the more carbon dioxide is spreading in nature, thus giving a share of the increasing greenhouse effect.
3. Greenhouse Gases
Furthermore, substances that cause global warming or the greenhouse effect are greenhouse substances which consist of:
Compound carbon dioxide: This is a greenhouse substance that has the largest contribution and influence in global warming. This substance can only be absorbed as much as 0.3% in the atmosphere and absorbed by plants and trees naturally with the help of the sun.
Methane compounds: These are compounds that arise when certain bacteria break down organic matter in the airless state. Methane is also a substance that produces carbon dioxide. Man-made methane can come from industry and biomass combustion.
Nitrogen: Nitrogen is another substance that causes the greenhouse effect and is included in the greenhouse gas. This is a long-lasting substance, it can last up to 150 years in Earth’s atmosphere. So a small increase in emissions can also have an impact on global warming. The process of burning fossil fuels and using nitrogen fertilizers can cause a greenhouse effect.
Chloro Floro Carbon: Excessive use of CFCs such as in air conditioners, the electronic industry, dry cleaning and others can increase air pollution. Its continuous use will cause this substance to accumulate in the atmosphere layer and gradually become one of the causes of the depletion of the ozone layer.
Impact of the Greenhouse Effect or Global Warming
The greenhouse effect that has occurred over the years now has contributed to a lot of damage to the ozone layer. Now, the greenhouse effect or global warming has become a major threat to life on the earth’s surface that can threaten human lives. There are many examples of the greenhouse effect, including the ones below.
1. Wasteful in using electricity
The waste of electricity use can be one of the causes of the greenhouse effect and this is a very real example of the greenhouse effect. Electricity is now an energy that cannot be separated in human life. Whatever is done humans always use electricity so that the use of electricity is now quite a lot.
It should be noted that electricity generators are almost everywhere, both on a large scale and on a small scale. Power plants emit CO2 or carbon dioxide, which increases the amount of greenhouse gases and ultimately causes the greenhouse effect.
2. Burning garbage
Furthermore, another example of the greenhouse effect is burning waste. Indeed, if only one or two people do it is not a problem. What if the burning of rubbish happened so much throughout the world that it even happened continuously. Burning waste causes carbon dioxide or CO2 which causes the greenhouse effect.
So, it is better if current waste should be separated between organic and inorganic waste so that it can be broken down into compost and inorganic waste can be recycled so that it does not need to be burned.
3. Use of vehicles on the highway
The use of vehicles on the road is also a clear example of the cause of the greenhouse effect. Many motorbikes and cars burn fossil oil so that more and more carbon dioxide accumulates in the air. This can cause the earth to be increasingly heated because these greenhouse gases reflect sunlight back in the form of infrared to the earth when the earth reflects it into space.
So, now it is being encouraged to use environmentally friendly cars that no longer use fossil fuels. One way to reduce the greenhouse effect is to minimize the use of motorized vehicles or cars on the highway because this way we can minimize the burning of carbon dioxide.
That is a glimpse of the discussion about the greenhouse effect, the process of its occurrence, the causes of the greenhouse effect, and substances that can cause global warming as well as some real examples in everyday life about the greenhouse effect or global warming.