The function of Indonesian as the national language and state language. On this occasion we will review the Indonesian language including its origins, understanding and function of language in life and its position. So, it is very important to pay attention to the reviews.
Definition of Indonesia Language
Indonesian has a function as the state language, the official language of the state, the language of unity that will unite the Indonesian nation, which consists of thousands of islands. Indonesian as the language of unity has been inaugurated since the 1st youth congress which was held for two days, 27-28 October 1928 in Batavia or Jakarta (now), among the results that had been agreed at the congress were:
- We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, claim to have one blood, the homeland of Indonesia.
- We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, acknowledge one nation, the Indonesian nation.
- We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, teach the Persatoean language, the Indonesian language.
The Beginning of Indonesian History
Malay is the forerunner of the Indonesian language and it is formed from several languages such as Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit and other European languages.
Since the era of the Srivijaya kingdom in the 7th century, the Malay language has been used in every community interaction, including trade at that time. Furthermore, the Malay language continues to develop and expand because it becomes the everyday language of the community.
Long later during the colonial period, Malay was not only well known and respected by the region but also had very good language and was highly respected in the eastern country.
Indonesian, first born at the beginning of the struggle. Where at that time the figures were looking for a language that could be used to unite the nation that could be understood by all nations throughout the archipelago.
The Malay language is growing into a language that fosters brotherhood and affection between people. When many of the existing tribes understand Malay, this language becomes important because it fosters similarity and unity even though it is distinguished from origin and ethnicity.
In 1918 the national leaders decided that the Malay language was the appropriate language to be used because more than half of the archipelago used Malay. Communication between groups and communication in various organizations has also used the Malay language.
Several years later, on October 28, 1928, youths from various regions came to Batavia to make an important and historical statement for the nation which later became known as the Youth Pledge.
then. when independence on August 17, 1945 the state language was inaugurated, namely Indonesian which comes from the Malay language. So, the proclamation of independence has confirmed Indonesian as the state language constitutionally. The position of Indonesian was confirmed as the state language on August 18, 1945. On that day the 1945 Constitution was ratified as the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.
In the 1945 Constitution it is stated that the state language is Indonesian. Furthermore, in its development, Indonesian is used as the national language, the language of unity by all Indonesians wherever they are.
Indonesian as the National Language
Indonesian then became the national language and this can be seen from various things including bureaucratic problems and the making of all necessities related to the state, all of which are resolved in Indonesian.
1. A symbol of national pride
As a national symbol, it means that Indonesian is the language used in every bureaucratic matter and in the manufacture of all matters relating to the citizen’s mark. Indonesian is also used in words and interactions between people which we should be proud of.
Every nation must be able to speak the Indonesian language so that harmony and national unity can easily be realized and we can complement each other even though we are distinguished from various tribes and islands.
2. The symbol of national identity
By using Indonesian we know who we are and we can find out who we are. We are Indonesians whose skin color is like this, have this temperament and our character is a symbol of ourselves that emanates from the Indonesian language.
3. The unifier of various societies with different socio-culture and languages
With Indonesian, we feel harmonious in life and feel safe because by using Indonesian we can know which of our compatriots. This will make it easier for us to interact and achieve what we are looking for. Do not feel competitive with other ethnic groups, let alone feel that they are being overrun by those of different skin colors. Indonesian language unites and equates the different so that all feel the same and complement each other.
4. Liaison between regional cultures
Different regional cultures can be managed properly and correctly by the nation’s children who speak the same language, namely Indonesian. With this language we can build relationships with various tribes and different cultures, can build interactions, exchange opinions and so on.
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Indonesian as the official language of the country
1. The Official Language of the State
Indonesian is also the official language of the state, this means that all decisions, documents, letters issued by the government must use the official language of the country, namely the Indonesian language. Likewise, the language in every speech and speech of a state leader must use Indonesian.
2. Language of instruction in education
In the world of education, the language used is Indonesian starting from lower education, namely kindergarten to the next. So every teaching and learning process must use Indonesian as the language of instruction.
3. Liaison at the national and local levels
Various central and regional needs will be interacted using the Indonesian language so that there will be no obstacle in disseminating various central and regional policies.
Likewise with regional interests towards the center whether represented by members of the council or others. These are all run using the national language, namely Indonesian.
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Indonesian Language Function
There are four aspects that explain the function of Indonesian as a national language, namely:
- Indonesian as a Symbol of National Pride.
- Indonesian as a symbol of national identity.
- The Indonesian as a unifying tool for all Indonesians.
- Indonesian as a means of connecting between cultures and between regions.
Position of Indonesian Language
As a national language which includes:
- Indonesian as a National Identity.
- Indonesian as National Pride.
- The Indonesian as a communication tool.
- Indonesian as a unifying nation with different ethnicities, religions, races, customs, and cultures.
- As the language of the country
In its position as the state language, Indonesian has been stipulated in the 1945 Constitution chapter XV, article 36 with the following functions and positions:
- Indonesian as the official state language.
- Indonesian as a medium of instruction in the world of education.
- The Indonesian as a liaison at the national level for the purposes of planning and implementation of development and government.
- Indonesian Language as the development of national culture, science and technology.