This year’s Ramadan is different from last year, where the prolonged covid restricts the movement of the Muslim community in carrying out the Tarawih prayer. However, this time it is different from the previous year, now it is permissible for the community to carry out worship activities at the mosque even though they must comply with the health protocol rules that are applied.
In 2020, all mosques were closed, but now they have been allowed to reopen, still adhere to health protocols such as maintaining distance, wearing masks and so on.
The month of Ramadan continues, whatever happens we Muslims continue to worship in this glorious month. It is a month filled with the love of Allah and His forgiveness. So, the Muslim ummah continues to carry out worship as usual.
For every Muslim who is baligh, sensible he must carry out fasting as well as the obligation of prayer. Fasting has many benefits both for physical health and spiritual health. Among the benefits of fasting is to rest the body so that the body can work diligently and rearrange bodily functions, as said letsgoforhealthylive.com.
The fasting service starts from dawn until the sun sets. During that time, a person who is fasting may not eat, drink and other things that cause breaking his fast.
The month of Ramadan lasts for 29 days or 30 days depending on the circulation of the month, but this is known by seeing the new moon at the end of Sha’ban and the end of Ramadan.
Ok, but what exactly are the rules in the month of Ramadan. What can be done and what cannot be done. Here we look at 20 rules that you must know and obey during fasting.
20 Rules of Ramadan Fasting
1. What fasting means
Fasting is worship that is done in the month of Ramadan by not eating and not drinking and keeping away various bad habits, sins, such as swearing, gossiping, fighting, cruelty, sexual relations, etc. during the day.
2. When to eat
Eating is the time to break the fast, this is when the sun sets until dawn. During the time of sunset until dawn the next day, we are allowed to do things that were not allowed.
3. Who fasts
Sensible men and women, and into adulthood. It is not obligatory to fast for crazy people, and children.
There is an exception, it is permissible not to fast for people who have reasons such as the 16 farsakh traveler, but he is obliged to replace his fast after Ramadan. A sick person is not able to fast, if due to old age makes him weak to fast, then he may replace it with fidyah.
There are also special exceptions to women, namely pregnant people who are afraid of themselves or their fetuses. Women who are menstruating. This should be replaced at another time after the month of Ramadan.
6. Elderly or ill
Elderly, as we mentioned earlier, elderly who are weak fasting, they are allowed not to fast and replace it with fidyah. Likewise, sick people who are not allowed by the doctor to fast, but must replace them when they recover. Madness, this is also one of the exceptions that it is not even obligatory for him to fast, and he does not need to replace it at other times, unless the insanity that he experiences is the result of his deliberation.
7. Making it up (fidyah)
Can pay fidyah in the Syafie school for frail elderly or he (medically speaking) will not recover. It is permissible for him not to fast and only replace it with fidyah (feeding the poor for every fast he leaves).
8. Atonement (kaffarah)
This redemption is when a person breaks his fast by having sexual intercourse with his partner. His fast was canceled and he had to make up for it (kaffarah) by fasting continuously for 60 days (two months). If he has tried it and is unable to, then he may give food to the poor. Meanwhile, the canceled fast must be replaced.
9. Forgetting to fast
If someone forgets to do fasting, and recalls it during the day, then he is obliged to replace it after Ramadan, but he is not sinful. Unlike the case with a person who deliberately does not fast, he is obliged to replace his fast in another month and he sins (because he deliberately does not fast).
Vomiting is one of the causes of breaking fast, this is if it happens on purpose. While accidental vomiting does not break the fast. Those who break their fast by vomiting are obliged to replace their fast in another month.
As we mentioned above, every sexual activity during fasting (during the day) is obligatory upon it to pay kaffarah, which is fasting continuously (without a single day) for 60 days.
Children who are not yet mature or baligh, he is not obliged to fast, but it is obligatory for his parents to order him to fast as a form of training for him to get used to when he grows up.
Boys, reach the age of maturity (baligh): by way of up to the age of 15 years or with a wet dream, or by changing the structure of the body such as growing a mustache, hair on his legs or by changing his voice from a child’s voice to an adult’s voice.
Meanwhile, girls reach the age of maturity (baligh): by menstruating when they are (at least) 9 years old. or by wet dreaming.
13. Brush your teeth
It is okay to brush your teeth but don’t swallow water. However, if it is done after zawal (slipping the sun to the west), the law of brushing your teeth is makruh. While brushing your teeth in the morning (before midday time), the law is circumcision.
You don’t have to play in water and even swim as long as you don’t swallow water. If there is water that is swallowed during swimming, it can break your fast. So, it’s best to stay away from swimming during fasting times.
Injections are allowed during fasting and do not break the fast. Because what invalidates the fast is putting something in an open cavity, while the syringe is in the syringe, not in an open cavity.
Ingesting something on purpose can break your fast. However, if what is swallowed is a fine object such as dust particles that are accidentally swallowed, then this does not invalidate the fast. Even for the person who prepares the food, he can check the taste of the food by tapping it on his tongue, but do not swallow or swallow. If ingested, then the fast is invalidated.
One form of cleaning is janabat ghusl. You can take a shower in the morning even though it has risen at dawn and you are fasting. But don’t let water get into the open cavities. Unlike menstruation, women must take a shower before fasting.
Using eye drops is allowed for those of you who must use it. You can use it at sunset or just before dawn.